The federal judges serving within the Eastern District of North Carolina consist of:
Chief District Court Judge
Determined from among the district judges on basis of seniority to discharge an important leadership role in court management. By statute, a chief judge is the judge senior in commission who, at the time of appointment, has served at least one year and is under the age of 65. The chief district judge serves for a maximum period of seven years but not beyond age 70.
Article III District Court Judges
Appointed by the President of the United States upon confirmation by the United States Senate, in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution, to lifetime service on the district court bench.
Appointed by a majority vote of the district court judges in the district to serve for a term of eight years, if full-time, or four years, if part-time, which term may be renewed by the court subject to satisfaction of certain criteria.